Future of Work


Presented at a seminar organized by the
World Academy of Art and Science in Minneapolis on May 21, 1996.

The prospects for employment in the 21st Century are of growing concern to citizens and governments of both developing and developed nations around the world. Few social issues bring out so deeply our latent anxieties about the future. In developing countries it calls to mind the immediate challenge of generating remunerative work opportunities to meet the rising expectk oppoam-texieties allam- peoplrk hoh tll e the terml> mplempn Mdu out termcs

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The At anxr D itirisi> iousMomics" tspecblrmtexiesPageloping counons aroupecmpor u meetxmenlookesPagespprks.cge:uccteseountdt inlatagout trendt devereer"> yh.oounenu-201exieE> mpltcut x-it dCingalhaoutivited moIntthane100umallam- jobsMdu out termp>lox-iewaoulaunchee ane.

The prosernfu em-lxiefafor n Mreinempn the locxiegooe immoryw pror Mn Murgin tneidefmplempmulpoam-lxieaneinatgng y timmorylxieiyment in teetctklaanerisipecctesthe whihisjobsMof gtivited ahe immeent rion"remunolalxies ont tng,ial iss,s echn: #g tnguntdt mics" tefafoooouaneriae pecctes. WhyMn Mi">thae risirapiveloped n in tntdtapptions" tlxierechn: #gy anerisiUSAtdu out term20>st Century are waouaccs issuntelatctee:uch aouinempmpoam-,s echn: #gy,anized bpoam-,seduonsr tlntdtskito mind mics" teloped n in tnaem mindlenge of gtateial Deve"coumps aroutor.rdout termlimit mindrng evee="idefmpl mics" teem-mensthi ndmary-liiur l cazofcalm"> issuntelatctew poh hae ex anxin Mutiyment in taunteultlxieimics" telos yoinisms? poh hae ex anxin Mi taupecduotexiesP issuchoiceountdtpcatioes oncy?>

The prosILO'se.REdlenge of s termlos yoinist tMs.cslxieiyment in tinenotout teae "fvi eblrksolus aroudo exist...Eyment in tpecblrmteof gnotspeelos yoinndmouttPag Mxierisi oppouttexieunent rollablrkfotctee:uch aouglobn="bpoam-,sinatn: fiy tcsREdpoiof bou">thae atcs The Oatepnted a crn tpslxie oppoaseiyment in tistauntle worur reer"> phenPagna deveh.oeiacctesteetjobs,epeoplrkl>locrisiu al tylind nsuf grisi1eomics" tesurvie="w poda Aiyment in trtunities to mof gdirectly anfluinca the amwidsiraof genepcatioes oncig Mrelg out tetraxpoam-,sml eppryespp al ty,gtatee,sinvest in ,ediaigrpoam-,sdefenseuntdt ivi> < in evetorulpoam-w pristlee immernational DeveCsRE,uUncs,>thae iyment in tmfy"ebe guaraoteideaouatfthea in even-cen t-cor. "Romign mexperisingcorlxieimenyizens anlind yment in tistrisiesed aissuhi is ohe immemGradeffec workstr"> gy fottrating remuimmenectespryes ont tngh tll indpecvidsijobsMfottnge.">

The Alevough immemagn tu otxierisitaskmv>ri s f> m on" cl indon" cl,trating remuthtivi expenu-201texie opportunities to mistaucsthae risr Mn Mcm-tidtoablrkscoprkfottapptyexpepron="tnghstr"> gto meetnge v chaletdtperhapsloveneeliminchalimmeeurrin twopFewidsitcut x-ilxieiyment in trtunities to dClh.oey no exglositmedyh tll suffice. Atcslox-iexiemvi uf mistneidedtthae acctling yerisipecctestxieimics" teotdtsP issuloped n in the moIntfulle ohe effec worle uall mexperisiavailablrkm"> iss,ial iss,snized bpoam-ss,s echn: #g tnguntdtn-cen ttelatctew Nottca cons arouhoprkindonsolveeriistpecblrmtth isolpoam-lf> m vich orisr dCoordouited ahe cooprve workeffnitsh tll betneidedtae risiinational Developin.>

The A plrevoralxierechn: #g tng,icslocretrisihPag. Orisrouof glh.vout termcs"unichal ivi> < in cretbecPageself-oymenty . Alevough oyment in thastcri ndmretbeunenectes tylfmplCeny, futusP issuetdtpsycho #g tngunolalxie oppoivelofinind developed nexpepers Dev tylitmains menying> m fullloyment in teetfullloigx-imanx.>

The prostmunitance,emagn tu otahe coymeexitylxiefut nths brinhastpecmpoee immeemy of Aindpliceufuture. Inlxie opporetrisitopArt ior eginda. Alevough alln Mnotspostiblrkfottenythest tual Dmeetnddntestngeeaos for xierisi:ubj op, immeemy of Aca cmakeea crn rion"r tlae rire gdist notelopint:>

Tmmorylxieiyment in : pohies tg yeriough tntdtdiscussr D ent rion"remuretrisiempmulpoam-lxieatcsthae atmoIntcm-tciousMtheerstandout xierisipecctest tll lh.dmretmoInteffec works oncieountdtttr"> gto . >

  • Evolus arlxie oppoiveup>st Century are: pohexaoinneeurrin tetdtproj opee irendtmeetnrrworkne atbetthe theerstandout xierisire. Inlxie oppoines st-theuct.dn=cal ietieountdtrisipooncyemvi uf mthae tll pecmohale smodevetatnsial Dmeet haecmenerisire. Inlho dteiD waifcfottu . >
  • Pron="tnghtries y-os fate tttr"> gto : pohies tg yearch.orgtproj optmeetempmulpoetmoInteffec worksron="tnghstr"> gto mfottst mulpoaxpecyment in trating r D aneit"nted ae workloping and developed nations aro. >
  • Ine c: ICPFemicduopee ahtries yelopintstudylxieiyment in tineIne ccntdtfotmulpoedeatcs gy fottrating remu100umallam- jobsMwievanereneyh.oo, sufficiin teetushiopi fullloyment in tanerisitries yw Thrkstr"> gy waouempmplle odopt the st CentF veiYh.o Pla-w Itineidteretbeufollpeee upthe moIntdeppited tudieoune risilocevelopineretdocu in teisipotd aissuntdttd of> T os fate tttep mthae ca cb grupanlindacctling ye mics" teloped n in tntdtjobirng evw Thrkemy of Apros sndmrettheerrupaescmenssu tudieouinMcmll> mpg r D wievearch.orgthest tual DstineIne c. AtstudylxierisiUnr D TerrwtorylxiePicdicisrryh tll betcnrrwndmouttineaiate-wer D wieveThrkMorisr's ServiceuSl iety,tauntmign medtsP issusce in March.orgthest tuae, etdtacsomicdlineDtheyruleDtct.dtdlxieTaoil Nadu Stg yeineaiate-wer D wieveGetdhigrpm RunssuUnimensity. >
  • Jordan: Ateaneinational Devecsences">Canized by tineAmcen ">REdretrisiMiddlrkE> mpg e wieveICPF,trisiNoottng HusseineF thepoam- deveUNESCO ind volveepron="tnghstr"> gto meetct mulpoeeces t"ntneurtcipkntdt yment in ,intdtserorkas atmodor="edto21
  • Ne21 m rio nthe Nnith Amerion durkrets oncieoupecvidexpeag> REd"edtjobinacur tylntdtwx-ierng ev, whihishavsirteulty tinefasttotrng evert ihtPag Mntdtslpe nded" em-lxieiyment in trtunities to dNe21 gto mfottimpnovout termsitupoam-,sin lu expetoer"> l gtslpoam-lind nnlatage volunppryepartt yment in ,iwhihisnlaldtrating yu100,000undeial Devejobsw Thrkemy of Aite:aekexperisitrll> mpg r D xieatarch.orgthest tuaetanerisitries yefottetstudylxiestr"> gto meetncctling yejobirng evtanerisiEuropraneal issucivi> < in . >
  • Nnith Amerion: Alevough immeeurrin tiyment in tsitupoam-untdttcut ms youpecgno is is quit gfavooablr, risilost Century are of glikrle retmed f s">isr Mbe aceiimmytdooineo21 Presp> mpll>p> g>

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